PBO contributor Alan Watson reports on the Innovation in Maritime Navigation conference, hosted by the Royal Institute of Navigation at Trinity House, London


The conference on 2 March was well attended both from UK and overseas representatives and grappled with the problem of future maritime navigation becoming more complex and demanding with more and bigger ships in more congested waters and with increasing concern about the vulnerability of GPS.

A theme that ran through the day was that of more complex electronic navigation systems and greater reliability on them, such that basic navigational skills were being lost. If the electronic system failed due to an on board problem or loss of GPS, there was no reliable fall-back.

The technologists offered solutions including inertial navigators, ranging from MF beacons, radar positioning, position fixing from broadcast transmitters and then into the future with Quantum technologies use cold atom sensing of rotation and acceleration and looks both complex and expensive. Ironically the most promising alternative to GPS, eLoran is facing an uncertain future after the switch off of European transmitters.

Inertial navigation seemed promising as an electronic way of dead reckoning during a short GPS outage but even very expensive military systems suffer from drift and will have built up a significant error in hours.

Position fixing from radar will be familiar to many readers as will using MF beacons. Radar positioning could be enhanced by adding more Racons around the coast. The MF beacons exist already and are used for differential GPS transmissions but could be adapted for range measurement. One intriguing suggestion is using broadcast TV and radio transmitters as signal sources for position fixing.

Turning to present systems at sea, there was concern about the diversity of these such that an officer joining a ship cannot necessarily expect to be familiar with the system on board. There is also growing use of “unapproved” systems on tablets and smartphones which use non approved (for big ship) chart sources with attendant dangers. An example of one of these was shown where the Varne light vessel in the Dover Strait had disappeared.

The conclusion though was that there is no single simple technology solution to overcome the concerns and that traditional navigation skills from the “pre digital age” need to be transferred to the younger generation of mariners. Time to dust off that sextant!