Even wrecks can be rescued! Damaged boats can often be bought for a song and then successfully repaired – but it’s not a job for the faint-hearted. Jake Kavanagh explains how major repairs are tackled
It doesn’t matter how experienced a boater you are, there is no accounting for the completely unexpected – and you don’t need to be at sea for something to happen to your boat.
An unfortunate few have seen their pride and joy dropped from a travel-hoist, gutted by fire, or even thrown across a motorway. But even the most hideous wounds and big holes in GRP can be repaired – given time, money and a skilled workforce.
A competent DIY enthusiast could also obtain a smashed-up wreck for peanuts and make a perfectly sound and seaworthy vessel from the mess – which happens all the time in America in the wake of a hurricane.
The big question any owner (or more likely their insurers) has to ask is, ‘Is it worth fixing?’
Once your boat has been damaged, your first priority is to ring your insurers, explain the situation and ask for a claim form. If they decide the damage is likely to be above a certain floor price (usually around £1,500) they will appoint a surveyor who will assess the full extent of the damage and give a ballpark figure for repairs. While spectacular damage is pretty obvious, it is also the hidden damage that the surveyor will be looking for.
Depending on the policy, the insurers will then ask for three quotes from recognised repairers.
‘This is where the owner often forgets his rights,’ says Mark Goodacre, managing director of Goodacre Boat Repairs at Port Solent in Hampshire.
‘The insurers will recommend a repair specialist, but the owner may decide he prefers another, even though it’s more expensive. You’re not obliged to go with the insurer’s choice – most companies will allow some monetary discrepancy, providing you are convinced you’ll get a better job. Push hard to get your preferred repairer.
‘Remember, it’s your boat, and your choice, not the insurer’s.’
Once the repairer has been selected and the price agreed, the contract is then drawn up between the owner and the repairer, and not the insurer – another reason why the owner has to be completely happy that his boat is in the right hands.
‘Talk with the repairer, and ask how many other boats of a similar type they have handled,’ Mark suggests. ‘You’ll soon be able to assess if they know what they are doing.’
Sometimes, however, a boat is just too badly damaged – or too inaccessible – to be economically repaired, so the owner is paid the insured value, and the remains sold off to anyone who will pay to take it away. We saw a damaged 30ft (9.1m) ketch in the Channel Islands with a large gash in its side which was eventually sold for £100. It was broken up, and the spars, winches and other gear sold for a profit. This was a shame because it could have been repaired and spent many more years as someone’s pride and joy.
Fixing the unfixable
To find out just how a big job is tackled, we looked at a couple of case histories at Goodacre Boat Repairs to see how they carry out major repair jobs. The Hampshire-based yard specialises in repairing the most horrendous damage, and to a standard where the vessel is not only as strong – or stronger – than it was before, but where repairs are completely invisible.
Aaron Logan, a freelance GRP specialist, showed us a yacht that had been T-boned by another. The boat seemed fine apart from a small hole in the side, which the owner had patched with a dollop of plastic padding.
It was only inside that we saw the true extent of the impact. The collision had compressed the hull and, while it had appeared to pop back into shape, the main bulkhead had been badly damaged.
Worse still, the hole was beneath an inner lining, so major surgery was needed to open up the boat to fix it. What initially appeared to be an innocuous little knock would run up a repair bill of a couple of thousand pounds.
Advice from the surveyor: When is a boat a write-off?
The point at which a damaged boat becomes a write-off depends largely on the value of the boat and the estimated costs of repair. As those costs approach 80% of its insured value, insurers will be thinking more and more about declaring the vessel a ‘constructive total loss’ (CTL).
Their nervousness arises from experience. It’s not uncommon for repair costs to escalate once work begins – often because cutting away splintered structure brings to light damage that wasn’t visible at the outset. Better by far, argue the insurers, to pay up for the whole boat – the absolute limit of their liability – rather than have repair charges spiral to an even greater sum.
The practical implications are clear. Bash a hole in a large expensive boat and it’s very likely to be repaired, whereas a similar hole in an older vessel might see it declared a CTL. Note that this doesn’t mean that the damage is irreparable – simply that the insurers think that the CTL route is a less risky option for them.
Geography also plays its part. Repair facilities are much scarcer and less dependable in some areas than others. When hurricane Ivan rampaged through Grenada in 2004 at least one insurer decided to ship boats all the way back to Europe for repair – not just to save money, but more to have them under the sort of local supervision they were familiar and comfortable with. Those shipping costs would have been yet another factor in deciding whether a boat should be repaired or written off.
Moulding from a sister ship
Taking mouldings from an identical boat is a good way to repair hull damage, or to simply match a damaged item, but it does require a willing owner for the donor boat. You may have to remove some transfers or decals to get a completely smooth original hull.
Moulding from ‘made good’
This method can work well if your boat is damaged but the affected area is still more or less intact. The technique requires using filler to patch up and ‘make good’ the damage, and then sanding back so the shape is as close to original as possible.
Next polish up the ‘made good’ area with three layers of release wax and take your casting – just as you would if taking a mould from a sister ship, as described above.
With the mould cured and removed, you can then cut out the temporary repair and the damaged area back to sound material. It’s then a case of rebuilding that section of hull using your newly-made mould.
Case History 1: Using an existing mould
This new Windy 906 sports cruiser was being transported down a German autobahn when the lorry it was on jack-knifed. The boat was dumped onto the road where it was then struck by another vehicle. Despite major damage to the transom, which also involved the wrecking of one of the outdrives, the insurers decided it was repairable.
‘With a new boat, it is often possible to ask the builders if they can send you a section of mould,’ Mark Goodacre explained. ‘This can sometimes take a while, as the mould will be in use all the time making new boats, but you might be able to find a gap in production where the builder will mould just the section you want. From that, you can then make a female mould – which is exactly what we did here.’
Case History 2: Making a temporary mould
It may not always be possible to obtain a mould from the factory, or it may be just too expensive, so another option is to make a temporary mould with ‘white faced’ Melamine-type hardboard. There is more work involved in the final stages of the finish, as the moulding will be cruder, but there are savings to be made.
These are some of the basic methods for repairing a hull, and from looking through the Goodacre photo album it seems that even the most badly damaged hulls can be restored. Let’s face it, you can’t exactly devalue a hull that has an enormous hole in its side, but the potential to repair and make it even stronger than the original is always there.
I remember many years ago covering the story of a Fairline 36 Turbo that had been gutted by fire. The DIY owner turned her into a highly functional workboat that is still doing sterling service today. The entire superstructure had been cast from a disposable mould made from Melamine hardboard.
So, if a large hole appears in your boat, don’t despair! If your insurance company is willing, it can be repaired as if it never happened. And if you fancy a worthwhile project, just keep an eye on the hurricane season in the United States. You really could pick up a bargain.
Our thanks to Mark, Barry and the team at Goodacre Boat Repairs of Port Solent. The company has been specialising in high-quality repairs since 1990, and its experienced technicians are often contracted by insurance companies to fly out to hurricane zones to repair damaged yachts in situ. The firm is currently working on the restoration of two America’s Cup boats, and also offer a full refit and customisation service for both power and sail.
Goodacre Boat Repairs, The Boatshed, Port Solent, Portsmouth, Hants PO6 4TR. Tel: 02392 210220, Goodacre Boat Repairs website
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