What should you do if you're at sea and lightning strikes? Ben Sutcliffe-Davies has some advice
Over the years I’ve attended a few lightning strikes suffered by yachts on behalf of insurance companies. In the UK it’s not such a common issue as, say, in the Mediterranean. That said, the ones I’ve seen have caused some spectacular damage.
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Most production yachts that have iron keels do have earth straps from cap shroud and mast steps on to one of the keel fastenings. My own yacht, being encapsulated, isn’t so easy to deal with simple earthing to water.
I don’t have any proof that a dissipator is better or worse than an unprotected mast, but since sailing in the Ionian I’ve certainly seen more storms brewing with stunning lightning. What I do know – from sailing with my father in storms and also from chewing over the risks with my friend John Goode – is to carry out the following:
Disconnect everything electrical ASAP. And that’s everything – VHF and aerials, radar, deck sockets, nav lights. John also goes one step further and disconnects the batteries.
Get your kedge anchor out and wrap the chain around the cap shrouds and lower the anchor deep into the water (another good reason why you should have 10m of chain!). I have a keel-stepped mast so we’d wrap chain around the mast as well, and then overboard; the last thing you want is for lightning to go inside.
My father and I have always carried a set of long battery leads. Being around boatyards you often find owners on swinging moorings have flat batteries so these are useful to jump-start a yacht. In the case of a lightning storm we would clip one end of the leads onto the cap shroud and the other end onto the kedge anchor. As you know, lightning takes the shortest route to earth so a strike on the top of the mast would (fingers crossed!) run down the cap shroud and overboard rather than down the mast.
I’ve had customers report when dealing with claims that they have used the oven to put the VHF radio and handheld GPS in to try and protect them. Unfortunately I’ve no actual proof this works but the oven as a Faraday cage does makes sense.
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