Erratic water temperature in your boat’s shower is an annoyance and sometimes a danger. Gilbert Park solves the issue once and for all by fitting a hot water accumulator and thermostatic sensor
I do enjoy a hot shower in my boat and my current vessel, a Trusty T23 displacement motorcruiser, heats the water from the engine up to at least 80°C and it can also achieve a similar temperature from the electric immersion heater when solely on shore power.
There are three taps on the boat: one in the cockpit, one for the kitchen sink and one in the shower. The first time I showered, I realised something was wrong. The water went from freezing cold to scalding depending on whether the fresh water pump was on or off. Worryingly the change was very sudden, making a shower impossible.
The scalding hot water was also potentially dangerous, especially if my grandchildren were on board. So I had two problems to solve. The first was to stop the pulsing of hot and cold water, and the second was to stop scaldingly hot water from ever arriving at the shower tap.
Unstable water temperature related to the pump is a well recognised problem that can be solved by fitting an accumulator. This is a pressure vessel that separates water from a bag or diaphragm containing air (or nitrogen) under pressure.
Different sizes are available and when I spoke to various people they advised fitting the largest size that you have space for. In my case it was a 5lt accumulator. It should be fitted as near to the pump as possible.
Article continues below…
Today most new yachts come with pressurised hot water, but that wasn’t the case 20 or 30 years ago. Many…
An idea struck me when I ordered an oil analysis for Merlot, my lockdown project boat. Routine health checks are…
You have to drain the water tank and hot water cylinder before starting and also ensure the mains electricity is disconnected, if applicable. The plumbing is simple; just a T-piece into the existing system and a tube connecting this to the accumulator.
Once it’s all connected you can set the pressure in the accumulator. This should be 2-3psi less than the trigger pressure of the pump. My pump had a pressure shown on it of 30psi. I thought this was the trigger pressure so set the accumulator pressure to 27psi, but when I tried the system it didn’t work.
Searching the internet I found two installation instructions for my old type of pump. One says the switch on pressure is 15-20psi less than the shut off pressure ie about 10-15psi, although the other document says the same thing but in the specification gives the switch on pressure as 25+/- 5psi. I set the pump to 18psi and the pulsations had gone!
The next problem was to stop scalding water from reaching any tap. You can source all the parts for this separately with significant cost savings. I was unsure of thread sizes etc. so bought a kit made by Quick (who also made my water heater) so I knew it would all fit together easily.
Again, the first thing to do is to make sure that the mains electrical supply is disconnected and the cylinder drained. The kit contains a thermostatic sensor T-piece that mixes the hot and cold water along with a female to female connecting sleeve that connects to the hot water output side of the cylinder.
At the cold water inlet your cylinder should have a pressure relief/drain valve: a T-piece is attached to this then with a male to male connector to the cold water inlet pipe. A reinforced flexible hose then goes from the T-piece to the thermostatic sensor to link both hot and cold supplies.
Note the shower washer that fits in the connector at the hot water end. It’s all too easy to forget to fit it. I filled up the water tank, bled the system (opened the hot water taps until water flowed freely out), turned on the immersion heater and, 20 minutes later, success!
I had a lovely onboard hot shower without any body parts being frozen or fried!
How to install a reliable hot water system on your boat
Gilbert Park’s Trusty T23 Merlot
I bought Merlot in December 2021 to live on the drying mooring outside of my house at Emsworth on the UK south coast. The Trusty T23 is the only bilge keeled motorboat I have been able to find.
She sits upright and I can easily get on and off her, this is important because as I get older (I’m already pretty ancient) mobility will become a problem and I won’t be able to manage a bigger boat.
I’ve used her a lot already for trips around the harbour and all along the Solent from Chichester to Totland Bay. I enjoy a hot shower and this is how I found out the problem with the hot water on the boat.
I have also fitted radar and AIS as safety measures and, as the boat only does 6 knots, an autopilot (essential as I sail alone in this boat). Watch this space for articles on all these things and more…
Why not subscribe today?
This feature appeared in the Summer 2022 edition of Practical Boat Owner. For more articles like this, including DIY, money-saving advice, great boat projects, expert tips and ways to improve your boat’s performance, take out a magazine subscription to Britain’s best-selling boating magazine.
Subscribe, or make a gift for someone else, and you’ll always save at least 30% compared to newsstand prices.
See the latest PBO subscription deals on magazinesdirect.com